Elmina Castle is a white-washed Medieval Castle located in the central region of Ghana. It is the oldest European building south of the Sahara Desert. It was built by the Portuguese in 1482. The Elmina Castle is a bastion of a dark slave history – the last place that thousands of African Slaves would ever see of their homeland before being shipped to the Americas and other parts of the world. The Dutch seized the fort from the Portuguese in 1637 and continued the slave trade until 1814.
In 1872, the British took over from the Dutch until 1957 when it granted the Gold Coast its independence and control of the castle was transferred to the nation formed out of the colony, present-day Ghana.
Today Elmina Castle is a popular historical site, and a major filming location. It was visited by President Barack Obama during his African tour in 2009. A must see for any visitor to Ghana!